# Creating and configuring the Zowe instance directory
The Zowe instance directory or
<INSTANCE_DIRECTORY> contains configuration data required to launch a Zowe runtime. This includes port numbers, location of dependent runtimes such as Java, Node, z/OSMF, as well as log files. When Zowe is started, configuration data will be read from files in the instance directory and logs will be written to files in the instance directory.
The instance directory
<INSTANCE_DIRECTORY>/bin contains a number of key scripts
zowe-start.shis used to start the Zowe runtime by launching the
zowe-stop.shis used to stop the Zowe runtime by terminating the
zowe-support.shcan be used to capture diagnostics around the Zowe runtime for troubleshooting and off-line problem determination, see Capturing diagnostics to assist problem determination.
Before creating an instance directory, ensure that you have created a keystore directory that contains the Zowe certificate. For more information about how to create a keystore directory, see Creating Zowe certificates. Also, ensure that you have already configured the z/OS environment. For information about how to configure the z/OS environment, see Configuring the z/OS system for Zowe.
# Creating an instance directory
To create an instance directory, use the
Navigate to the Zowe runtime directory
<RUNTIME_DIR> and execute the following commands:
<RUNTIME_DIR>/bin/zowe-configure-instance.sh -c <PATH_TO_INSTANCE_DIR>
Multiple instance directories can be created and used to launch independent Zowe runtimes from the same Zowe runtime directory.
The Zowe instance directory contains a file
instance.env that stores configuration data. The data is read each time Zowe is started.
The purpose of the instance directory is to hold information in the z/OS File System (zFS) that is created (such as log files) or modified (such as preferences) or configured (such as port numbers) away from the zFS runtime directory for Zowe. This allows the runtime directory to be read-only and to be replaced when a new Zowe release is installed, with customizations being preserved in the instance directory.
If you have an instance directory that is created from a previous release of Zowe 1.8 or later and are installing a newer release of Zowe, then you should run
zowe-configure-instance.sh -c <PATH_TO_INSTANCE_DIR> pointing to the existing instance directory to have it updated with any new values. The release documentation for each new release will specify when this is required, and the file
manifest.json within each instance directory contains information for which Zowe release it was created from.
In order to allow the
ZWESVSTC started task to have permission to acces the contents of the
zowe-configure-instance.sh script sets the group ownership of the top level directory and its child to be
ZWEADMIN. If a different group is used for the
ZWESVSTC started task you can specify this with the optional
-g argument, for example.
<RUNTIME_DIR>/bin/zowe-configure-instance.sh -c <PATH_TO_INSTANCE_DIR> -g <GROUP>
# Reviewing the instance.env file
To operate Zowe, a number of zFS folders need to be located for prerequisites on the platform. Default values are selected when you run
zowe-configure-instance.sh. You might want to modify the values.
# Component groups
LAUNCH_COMPONENT_GROUPS: This is a comma-separated list of which z/OS microservice groups are started when Zowe launches.
GATEWAYwill start the API mediation layer that includes the API catalog, the API gateway, and the API discovery service. These three address spaces are Apache Tomcat servers and use the version of Java on z/OS as determined by the
DESKTOPwill start the Zowe desktop that is the browser GUI for hosting Zowe applications such as the 3270 Terminal emulator or the File Explorer. The Zowe desktop is a node application and uses the version specified by the
- Vendor products may extend Zowe with their own component group that they want to be lifecycled by the Zowe
ZWESVSTCstarted task and run as a Zowe sub address space. To do this, specify the fully qualified directory provided by the vendor that contains their Zowe extension scripts. This directory will contain a
start.shscript (required) that is called when the
ZWESVSTCstarted task is launched, a
configure.shscript (optional) that performs any configuration steps such as adding iFrame plug-ins to the Zowe desktop, and a
validate.shscript (optional) that can be used to perform any pre-launch validation such as checking system prerequisites. For more information about how a vendor can extend Zowe with a sub address space, see the Extending section.
# Component prerequisites
JAVA_HOME: The path where 64-bit Java 8 or later is installed. Only needs to be specified if not already set as a shell variable. Defaults to
NODE_HOME: The path to the Node.js runtime. Only needs to be specified if not already set as a shell variable.
ROOT_DIR: The directory where the Zowe runtime is located, also referred to as the
<RUNTIME_DIR>. Defaults to the location of where
ZOSMF_PORT: The port used by z/OSMF REST services. Defaults to value determined through running
ZOSMF_HOST: The host name of the z/OSMF REST API services.
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOST: The hostname of where the Explorer servers are launched from. Defaults to running
hostname -c. Ensure that this host name is externally accessible from clients who want to use Zowe as well as internally accessible from z/OS itself.
ZOWE_IP_ADDRESS: The IP address of your z/OS system which must be externally accessible to clients who want to use Zowe. This is important to verify for IBM Z Development & Test Environment and cloud systems, where the default that is determined through running
digon z/OS returns a different IP address from the external address.
APIML_ENABLE_SSO: Define whether single sign-on should be enabled. Use a value of
false. Defaults to
# Keystore configuration
KEYSTORE_DIRECTORY: This is a path to a zFS directory containing the certificate that Zowe uses to identify itself and encrypt https:// traffic to its clients accessing REST APIs or web pages. This also contains a truststore used to hold the public keys of any z/OS services that Zowe is communicating to, such as z/OSMF. The keystore directory must be created the first time Zowe is installed onto a z/OS system and it can be shared between different Zowe runtimes. For more information about how to create a keystore directory, see Configuring Zowe certificates.
# Address space names
Individual address spaces for different Zowe instances and their subcomponents can be distinguished from each other in RMF records or SDSF views by specifying how they are named. Address space names are 8 characters long and made up of a prefix
ZOWE_INSTANCE followed by an identifier for each subcomponent.
ZOWE_PREFIX: This defines a prefix for Zowe address space STC names. Defaults to
ZOWE_INSTANCE: This is appended to the
ZOWE_PREFIXto build up the address space name. Defaults to
A subcomponent will be one of the following values:
- AC - API ML Catalog
- AD - API ML Discovery Service
- AG - API ML Gateway
- DS - App Server
- EF - Explorer API Data Sets
- EJ - Explorer API Jobs
- SZ - ZSS Server
- UD - Explorer UI Data Sets
- UJ - Explorer UI Jobs
- UU - Explorer UI USS
The STC name of the main started task is
the first instance of Zowe API ML Gateway identifier will be as follows:
Note: If the address space names are not assigned correctly for each subcomponents, check that the step Configure address space job naming has been performed correctly for the z/OS user ID
When Zowe starts, a number of its microservices need to be given port numbers that they can use to allow access to their services. The two most important port numbers are the
GATEWAY_PORT which is for access to the API gateway through which REST APIs can be viewed and accessed, and
ZOWE_ZLUX_SERVER_HTTPS_PORT which is used to deliver content to client web browsers logging in to the Zowe desktop. All of the other ports are not typically used by clients and used for intra-service communication by Zowe.
CATALOG_PORT: The port the API catalog service will use.
DISCOVERY_PORT: The port the discovery service will use.
GATEWAY_PORT: The port the API gateway service will use. This port is used by REST API clients to access z/OS services through the API mediation layer, so should be accessible to these clients. This is also the port used to log on to the API catalog web page through a browser.
JOBS_API_PORT: The port the jobs API service will use.
FILES_API_PORT: The port the files API service will use.
JES_EXPLORER_UI_PORT: The port the jes-explorer UI service will use.
MVS_EXPLORER_UI_PORT: The port the mvs-explorer UI service will use.
USS_EXPLORER_UI_PORT: The port the uss-explorer UI service will use.
ZOWE_ZLUX_SERVER_HTTPS_PORT: The port used by the Zowe desktop. It should be accessible to client machines with browsers wanting to log on to the Zowe desktop.
ZOWE_ZSS_SERVER_PORT: This port is used by the ZSS server.
Note: If all of the default port values are acceptable, the ports do not need to be changed. To allocate ports for the Zowe runtime servers, ensure that the ports are not in use.
To determine which ports are not available, follow these steps:
Display a list of ports that are in use with the following command:
Display a list of reserved ports with the following command:
TSO NETSTAT PORTLIST
# Terminal ports
Note: Unlike the ports needed by the Zowe runtime for its Zowe Application Framework and z/OS Services which must be unused, the terminal ports are expected to be in use.
ZOWE_ZLUX_SSH_PORT: The Zowe desktop contains an application VT Terminal which opens a terminal to z/OS inside the Zowe desktop web page. This port is the number used by the z/OS SSH service and defaults to 22. The USS command
netstat -b | grep SSHD1can be used to display the SSH port used on a z/OS system.
ZOWE_ZLUX_TELNET_PORT: The Zowe desktop contains an application 3270 Terminal which opens a 3270 emulator inside the Zowe desktop web page. This port is the number used by the z/OS telnet service and defaults to 23. The USS command
netstat -b | grep TN3270can be used to display the telnet port used on a z/OS system.
ZOWE_ZLUX_SECURITY_TYPE: The 3270 Terminal application needs to know whether the telnet service is using
telnetfor security. The default value is blank for
ZWEAD_EXTERNAL_STATIC_DEF_DIRECTORIES: Full USS path to the directory that contains static API Mediation Layer .yml definition files. For more information, see Onboard a REST API without code changes required. Multiple paths should be semicolon separated. This value allows a Zowe instance to be configured so that the API Mediation Layer can be extended by third party REST API and web UI servers.
EXTERNAL_COMPONENTS: For third-party extenders to add the full path to the directory that contains their component lifecycle scripts. For more information, see Zowe lifecycle - Zowe extensions.
# Configuring a Zowe instance via
When configuring a Zowe instance through the
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOST are used to specify where the Zowe servers can be reached.
However, these values may not reflect the website name that you access Zowe from. This is especially true in the following cases:
- You are using a proxy
- The URL is a derivative of the value of
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOST, such as
In these cases, it may be necessary to specify a value for
ZWE_EXTERNAL_HOSTS in the form of a comma-separated list of the addresses from which you want to access Zowe in your browser.
In the previous example,
ZWE_EXTERNAL_HOSTS could include both
myhost.mycompany.com. In the
instance.env, this would look like:
This configuration value maybe used for multiple purposes, including referrer-based security checks. In the case that the values are not specified, referrer checks will use the default values of
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOST, and the system's hostname. Therefore, if these values are not what you put into your browser, you will want to specify
ZWE_EXTERNAL_HOSTS to set the correct value.
# Hints and tips
Learn about some hints and tips that you might find useful when you create and configure the Zowe instance.
When you are configuring Zowe on z/OS, you need to create certificates, and then create the Zowe instance.
The creation of a Zowe instance is controlled by the
instance.env file in your instance directory
instance.envfile to set the keystore directory to the one you created when you ran
The keyword and value in
instance.envshould be the same as in
zowe-setup-certificates.env, as shown below
Hostname and IP address
zowe-configure-instance.shscript handles the IP address and hostname the same way
instance.env, you specify the IP address and hostname using the following keywords:
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOSTvalue must resolve to the external IP address, otherwise you should use the external IP address as the value for
zowe-configure-instance.shscript will attempt to discover the IP address and hostname of your system if you leave these unset.
When the script cannot determine the hostname or the IP address, it will ask you to enter the IP address manually during the dialog. If you have not specified a value for
ZOWE_EXPLORER_HOST, then the script will use the IP address as the hostname.
The values of
ZOWE_IP_ADDRESSthat the script discovered are appended to the
instance.envfile unless they were already set in that file or as shell environment variables before you ran the script.