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Version: v1.16.x LTS

API Gateway configuration parameters

API Gateway configuration parameters

Zowe runtime configuration parameters#

As an application developer who wants to run Zowe, set the following parameters during the Zowe runtime configuration by modifying the <Zowe install directory>/components/api-mediation/bin/ file:

API ML configuration#

  • apiml.service.allowEncodedSlashes

    By default, the API Mediation Layer accepts encoded slashes in the URL path of the request. If you are onboarding applications which expose endpoints that expect encoded slashes you must keep the default configuration. We recommend that you change the property to false if you do not expect the applications to use the encoded slashes.

    Use the following procedure to reject encoded slashes.

    Follow these steps:

    1. Open the file <Zowe install directory>/components/api-mediation/bin/
    2. Find the line that contains the -Dapiml.service.allowEncodedSlashes=true parameter and set the value to false.
    3. Restart Zowe&trade. Requests with encoded slashes are now rejected by the API Mediation Layer.
  • apiml.service.corsEnabled

    By default, CORS are disabled in the API Gateway for the Gateway routes api/v1/gateway/**. Allowing CORS for the Gateway is necessary to enable CORS at the service level. Use the following procedure to enable CORS.

    Follow these steps:

    1. Open the file <Zowe install directory>/components/api-mediation/bin/
    2. Find the line that contains the -Dapiml.service.corsEnabled=false parameter and set the value to true.
    3. Restart Zowe&trade.Requests through the Gateway now contain a CORS header.
  • apiml.service.hostname

    This property is used to set the API Gateway hostname.

  • apiml.service.port

    This property is used to set the API Gateway port.

  • apiml.service.discoveryServiceUrls

    This property specifies the Discovery Service URL used by the service to register to Eureka.

  • apiml.service.preferIpAddress

    Set the value of this property to true to advertise a service IP address instead of its hostname.


    • If you set this property to true, you need to modify the value of discoveryLocations: to use the IP address instead of hostname. Failure to modify the value prevents Eureka from detecting registered services, and as consequence the available-replicas will be empty.
    • Enabling this property may also cause issues with SSL certificates and Subject Alternative Name (SAN).

    This property specifies the location of the EhCache used by Spring.

    Note: It is necessary for the API ML process to have write access to the cache location.

  • apiml.gateway.timeoutMillis

    This property is used to define the timeout value for connection to services.


    This parameter makes it possible to prevent server certificate validation.

    Important! Ensure that this parameter is set to true in production environments. Setting this parameter to false in production environments significantly degrades the overall security of the system.


    This parameter specifies the z/OSMF service id used as authentication provider. The service id is defined in the static definition of z/OSMF. The default value is zosmf.

  • apiml.zoweManifest

    It is also possible to know the version of API ML and Zowe (if API ML used as part of Zowe), using the /api/v1/gateway/version endpoint in the API Gateway service in the following format:


    This parameter lets you view the Zowe version by using the /version endpoint. To view the version requires setting up the launch parameter of the API Gateway - apiml.zoweManifest with a path to the Zowe build manifest.json file. This file is usually located in the root folder of Zowe build. If the encoding of manifest.json file is different from UTF-8 and IBM1047, it requires setting up the launch parameter of API Gateway - apiml.zoweManifestEncoding with correct encoding.


    By default, the API Gateway uses z/OSMF as an authentication provider. It is possible to switch to SAF as the authentication provider instead of z/OSMF. The intended usage of SAF as an authentication provider is for systems without z/OSMF. If SAF is used and the z/OSMF is available on the system, the created tokens are not accepted by z/OSMF. Use the following procedure to switch to SAF.

    Follow these steps:

    1. Open the file <Zowe install directory>/components/api-mediation/bin/

    2. Find the line that contains the parameter and replace it with

    3. Restart Zowe&trade.

      Authentication requests now utilize SAF as the authentication provider. API ML can run without z/OSMF present on the system.


    This property is relevant only when the JWT token is generated by the API Mediation Layer. API ML generation of the JWT token occurs in the following cases:

    • z/OSMF is only available as an older version which does not support JWT tokens

    • The SAF provider is used

      To use a custom configuration for z/OSMF which changes the expiration of LTPA token, it is necessary to also set the expiration in this parameter.

      Note: The default value is 8 hours which mimicks the 8 hour default expiration of the LTPA token in z/OSMF.

      Follow these steps:

    1. Open the file <Zowe install directory>/components/api-mediation/bin/
    2. Find the line that contains the -cp ${ROOT_DIR}"/components/api-mediation/gateway-service.jar":/usr/include/java_classes/IRRRacf.jar.
    3. Before this line, add on a new line in the following format{expirationTimeInSeconds} \
    • {expirationTimeInSeconds} refers to the specific time before expiration
    1. Restart Zowe&trade.

Service configuration#

For more information about service configuration parameters, see Onboarding a REST API service with the Plain Java Enabler (PJE).

Retry policy#

In default configuration, retry for all requests is disabled, with one exception: the server retries GET requests that finish with status code 503. To change this default configuration, include the following parameters:

  • ribbon.retryableStatusCodes

    Provides a list of status codes, for which the server should retry the request.

    Example: -Dribbon.retryableStatusCodes="503, 404"

  • ribbon.OkToRetryOnAllOperations

    Specifies whether all operations can be retried for this service. The default value is false. In this case, only GET requests are retried if they return a response code that is listed in ribbon.retryableStatusCodes. Setting this parameter to true enables retry requests for all methods which return a response code listed in ribbon.retryableStatusCodes.

Note: Enabling retry can impact server resources due to request body buffering.

  • ribbon.MaxAutoRetries Specifies the number of times a failed request is retried on the same server. This number is multiplied with ribbon.MaxAutoRetriesNextServer. The default value is 0.
  • ribbon.MaxAutoRetriesNextServer Specfies the number of additional servers that attempt to make the request. This number excleds the first server. The default value is 5.


Specifies the value in milliseconds that specifies a period, in which API ML should establish a single, non-managed connection with this service. If omitted, the default value specified in the API ML Gateway service configuration is used.

  • ribbon.readTimeout

    Specifies the time in milliseconds of inactivity between two packets in response from this service to API ML. If omitted, the default value specified in the API ML Gateway service configuration is used.

  • ribbon.connectionManagerTimeout

    HttpClient employs a special entity to manage access to HTTP connections called by the HTTP connection manager. The purpose of an HTTP connection manager is to serve as a factory for new HTTP connections, to manage the life cycle of persistent connections, and to synchronize access to persistent connections. Internally, it works with managed connections which serve as proxies for real connections. ConnectionManagerTimeout specifies a period, in which managed connections with API ML should be established. The value is in milliseconds. If omitted, the default value specified in the API ML Gateway service configuration is used.

  • ribbon.GZipPayload

    When set to false, this parameter stops the API Gateway from deflating gzip responses from services.

Zuul configuration#

As a provider for routing and filtering, the API Gateway contains a Zuul configuration as shown in the following example:

zuul:    sslHostnameValidationEnabled: false    addProxyHeaders: true    traceRequestBody: true    ignoreSecurityHeaders: false    includeDebugHeader: false    sensitiveHeaders: Expires,Date    ignoredPatterns:        - /ws/**    host:        connectTimeoutMillis: ${apiml.gateway.timeoutMillis}        socketTimeoutMillis: ${apiml.gateway.timeoutMillis}    forceOriginalQueryStringEncoding: true    retryable: true    decodeUrl: false # Flag to indicate whether to decode the matched URL or use it as is

The Zuul configuration allows the API Gateway to act as a reverse proxy server through which API requests can be routed from clients on its northbound edge to z/OS servers on its southbound edge.

Note: For more information about Zuul configuration parameters, see the Spring Cloud Netflix documentation.

Hystrix configuration#

The API Gateway contains a Hystrix configuration as shown in the following example:

hystrix:    command:        default:            fallback:                enabled: false            circuitBreaker:                enabled: false            execution:                timeout:                    enabled: false                isolation:                    thread:                        timeoutInMilliseconds: ${apiml.gateway.timeoutMillis}                    strategy: SEMAPHORE                    semaphore:                        maxConcurrentRequests: 100000

Hystrix is a latency and fault tolerance library designed to isolate points of access to remote systems, services and 3rd party libraries, stop cascading failure, and enable resilience in complex distributed systems where failure is inevitable.

Note: For more information about Hystrix configuration parameters, see the Netflix - Hystrix documentation.

Additional parameters#

  • ibm.serversocket.recover

    In a multiple network stack environment (CINET), when one of the stacks fails, no notification or Java™ exception occurs for a Java program that is listening on an INADDR_ANY socket. Also, when new stacks become available, the Java application does not become aware of them until it rebinds the INADDR socket. By default, this parameter is enabled in the API Gateway, meaning that an exception (NetworkRecycledException) is thrown to the application to allow it either to fail or to attempt to rebind. For more information, see the IBM documentation.


    This property is a standard Java system property which is used by the disk-based storage policies. It determines where the JVM writes temporary files, including those written by these storage policies. The default value is typically /tmp on Unix-like platforms.

  • spring.profiles.include

    This property can be used to unconditionally add active profiles. For more information, see Spring documentation.