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Version: v1.28.x LTS

Plug-ins definition and structure

Plug-ins definition and structure

The Zowe™ Application Server (zlux-server-framework) enables extensiblity with application plug-ins. Application plug-ins are a subcategory of the unit of extensibility in the server called a plug-in.

The files that define a plug-in are located in the pluginsDir directory.

Application plug-in filesystem structure#

An application plug-in can be loaded from a filesystem that is accessible to the Zowe Application Server, or it can be loaded dynamically at runtime. When accessed from a filesystem, there are important considerations for the developer and the user as to where to place the files for proper build, packaging, and operation.

Root files and directories#

The root of an application plug-in directory contains the following files and directories.


This file describes an application plug-in to the Zowe Application Server. (A plug-in is the unit of extensibility for the Zowe Application Server. An application plug-in is a plug-in of the type "Application", the most common and visible type of plug-in.) A definition file informs the server whether the application plug-in has server-side dataservices, client-side web content, or both. The attributes of this file and how it is found by the server are described in the Plugin Definition article.

Dev and source content#

Aside from demonstration or open source application plug-ins, the following directories should not be visible on a deployed server because the directories are used to build content and are not read by the server.


When an application plug-in has router-type dataservices, they are interpreted by the Zowe Application Server by attaching them as ExpressJS routers. It is recommended that you write application plug-ins using Typescript, because it facilitates well-structured code. Use of Typescript results in build steps because the pre-transpilation Typescript content is not to be consumed by NodeJS. Therefore, keep server-side source code in the nodeServer directory. At runtime, the server loads router dataservices from the lib directory.


When an application plug-in has the webContent attribute in its definition, the server serves static content for a client. To optimize loading of the application plug-in to the user, use Typescript to write the application plug-in and then package it using Webpack. Use of Typescript and Webpack result in build steps because the pre-transpilation Typescript and the pre-webpack content are not to be consumed by the browser. Therefore, separate the source code from the served content by placing source code in the webClient directory.

Runtime content#

At runtime, the following set of directories are used by the server and client.


The lib directory is where router-type dataservices are loaded by use in the Zowe Application Server. If the JS files that are loaded from the lib directory require NodeJS modules, which are not provided by the server base (the modules zlux-server-framework requires are added to NODE_PATH at runtime), then you must include these modules in lib/node_modules for local directory lookup or ensure that they are found on the NODE_PATH environment variable. nodeServer/node_modules is not automatically accessed at runtime because it is a dev and build directory.


The web directory is where the server serves static content for an application plug-in that includes the webContent attribute in its definition. Typically, this directory contains the output of a webpack build. Anything you place in this directory can be accessed by a client, so only include content that is intended to be consumed by clients.

Packaging applications as compressed files#

Application plug-in files can be served to browsers as compressed files in brotli (.br) or gzip (.gz) format. The file must be below the application's /web directory, and the browser must support the compression method. If there are multiple compressed files in the /web directory, the Zowe Application Server and browser perform runtime negotiation to decide which file to use.

Default user configuration#

Configuration Dataservice default settings for users can be packaged within a plugin.
This is done by putting content within the /config/storageDefaults folder, and more on that subject can be found here

App-to-App Communication#

App-to-App communication behaviors can be statically defined or dynamically created at runtime. Static definitions help as a form of documentation and to be able to depend upon them, so it is recommended that these be packaged with a plugin if you wish other's to be able to use App-to-App communication on your App.
This page describes the subject in more detail.
In summary, App-to-App Actions and Recognizers can be stored within an App's /config/actions and /config/recognizers folders, respectively, where the filenames much match the identifiers of Apps.


In order for Zowe servers to pick up documentation to present to UIs, they must be in a uniform place.

The /doc folder of any Plugin can contain at its root any READMEs or documents that an administrator or developer may care about when working with a Plugin for the first time.

The /doc/swagger folder on the other hand, will be used to store .yaml extension Swagger 2.0 files that document the APIs of a Plugin's dataservices if they exist.

Other folders may exist, such as /doc/ui to document help behavior that may be shown in a UI, but is not implemented at this time.

Location of plug-in files#

The files that define a plug-in are located in the plugins directory.

pluginsDir directory#

At startup, the server reads from the plugins directory. The server loads the valid plug-ins that are found by the information that is provided in the JSON files.

Within the pluginsDir directory are a collection of JSON files. Each file has two attributes, which serve to locate a plug-in on disk:

location: This is a directory path that is relative to the server's executable (such as zlux-app-server/bin/ at which a pluginDefinition.json file is expected to be found.

identifier: The unique string (commonly styled as a Java resource) of a plug-in, which must match what is in the pluginDefinition.json file.

Plug-in definition file#

pluginDefinition.json is a file that describes a plug-in. Each plug-in requires this file, because it defines how the server will register and use the backend of an application plug-in (called a plug-in in the terminology of the proxy server). The attributes in each file are dependent upon the pluginType attribute. Consider the following pluginDefinition.json file from sample-app:

{  "identifier": "",  "apiVersion": "1.0",  "pluginVersion": "1.0",  "pluginType": "application",  "webContent": {    "framework": "angular2",    "launchDefinition": {      "pluginShortNameKey": "helloWorldTitle",      "pluginShortNameDefault": "Hello World",      "imageSrc": "assets/icon.png"    },    "descriptionKey": "MyPluginDescription",    "descriptionDefault": "Base MVD plugin template",    "isSingleWindowApp": true,    "defaultWindowStyle": {      "width": 400,      "height": 300    }  },  "dataServices": [    {      "type": "router",      "name": "hello",      "serviceLookupMethod": "external",      "fileName": "helloWorld.js",      "routerFactory": "helloWorldRouter",      "dependenciesIncluded": true    }  ]}

Plug-in attributes#

There are two categories of attributes: General and Application.

General attributes#


Every application plug-in must have a unique string ID that associates it with a URL space on the server.


The version number for the pluginDefinition scheme and application plug-in or dataservice requirements. The default is 1.0.0.


The version number of the individual plug-in.


A string that specifies the type of plug-in. The type of plug-in determines the other attributes that are valid in the definition.

  • application: Defines the plug-in as an application plug-in. Application plug-ins are composed of a collection of web content for presentation in the Zowe web component (such as the Zowe Desktop), or a collection of dataservices (REST and websocket), or both.

  • library: Defines the plug-in as a library that serves static content at a known URL space.

  • nodeAuthentication: Authentication and Authorization handlers for the Zowe Application Server.

requirements (optional)

Describes the environmental requirements that a plugin may have.

  • components: Houses the list of any component requirements for that plugin.

  • id: Defines the component requirement. This is a growing list of support: app-server, zss

  •  **os**: Describes the set of supported OS' that component should run on.
  •  **cpu**: Describes the CPU architecture that component should run on.
  •  **endpoints**: Describes any endpoints that are, or aren't, required from this component.

Application attributes#

When a plug-in is of pluginType application, the following attributes are valid:


An object that defines several attributes about the content that is shown in a web UI.


An array of objects that describe REST or websocket dataservices.


An object that describes the resource structure that the application plug-in uses for storing user, group, and server data.

Application web content attributes#

An application that has the webContent attribute defined provides content that is displayed in a Zowe web UI.

The following attributes determine some of this behavior:


States the type of web framework that is used, which determines the other attributes that are valid in webContent.

  • angular2: (or angular) Defines the application as having an Angular (2+) web framework component. This is the standard for a "native" framework Zowe application.

  • react: Defines this App as having a React web framework component.

  • iframe: Defines the application as being external to the native Zowe web application environment, but instead embedded in an iframe wrapper.


An object that details several attributes for presenting the application in a web UI.

  • pluginShortNameDefault: A string that gives a name to the application when i18n is not present. When i18n is present, i18n is applied by using the pluginShortNameKey.

  • descriptionDefault: A longer string that specifies a description of the application within a UI. The description is seen when i18n is not present. When i18n is present, i18n is applied by using the descriptionKey.

  • imageSrc: The relative path (from /web) to a small image file that represents the application icon.


An object that details the placement of a default window for the application in a web UI.

  • width: The default width of the application plug-in window, in pixels.

  • height: The default height of the application plug-in window, in pixels.

IFrame application web content#

In addition to the general web content attributes, when the framework of an application is "iframe", you must specify the page that is being embedded in the iframe. To do so, include the attribute startingPage within webContent. startingPage is relative to the application's /web directory.

Specify startingPage as a relative path rather than an absolute path because the pluginDefinition.json file is intended to be read-only, and therefore would not work well when the hostname of a page changes.

Within an IFrame, the application plug-in still has access to the globals that are used by Zowe for application-to-application communication; simply access window.parent.ZoweZLUX.

Plugin Definition Schema Revision Notes#

The initial Plugin Definition Schema is version 1.0.0, since then, the following updates have been made

  • 1.0.1
    • Added webContent.hasComponents which instructs the App code as to if it needs to load Zowe App Component logic from a components.js file, rather than the main.js webpack file, for non-iframe Apps.
    • Added os as an object and os.platform, and os.type as arrays of strings to be able to know if a Plugin should be loaded dependent upon the host OS.
  • 1.1.0
    • Added "binary" as a property of configuration dataservice resources.
  • 1.15.0
    • Added "pluginReqs" as an optional section to state plugin environmental & other requirements.

Application Dataservices#

See Dataservices

Application Configuration Data#

The App server has a component for managing an App's configuration & user data, organized by scope such as user, group, and server instance. For more information, see Configuration Dataservice Documentation.